When the U.S. President first visited Myanmar two years ago, the country seemed on the cusp of a major political transformation.
But the mood is different as Barack Obama returns for his second visit.
"The hope and optimism we had in 2012 is gone," Irrawaddy magazine editor Aung Zaw tells me.
Zaw says there is a general impression in Myanmar that the reform process has stopped, and Obama needs to convey the message to the government that reform must go on.
Beyond the disappointing state of political reform, Myanmar’s leaders have been criticized for their oppressive treatment of the Muslim minority group, the Rohingya.
The Rohingya have been denied citizenship by their own government. Scores have been living in a displaced persons camp for more than two years.
"The plight of the Rohingya will be a big challenge for Obama," says Zaw. "That's the reason Obama made a phone call to (President) Thein Sein before flying in."
Click on to hear more from our conversation including Zaw's very direct criticism of opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi and her inaction in regards to the Rohingya.