Qatar's new World Cup facilities will be constructed by thousands of migrant laborers toiling in extreme heat.
And human rights groups say that many already working in the country are being severely mistreated.
Gulf migrant researcher for Amnesty International James Lynch tells me the exploitation of workers in Qatar is far too commonplace.
"We've met workers who have been in severe distress having not been paid for months at at time, not able to leave the country, and living in dire conditions," he says.
"And add to that the very long working hours that go beyond the legal limits and the exterme heat as well."
The head of the Qatar 2022 Supreme Committee tells CNN the country is committed to workers' safety.
But Hassan al-Thawadi also acknowledged that it takes time to develop and enforce labor rights laws in Qatar.
International scrutiny is growing and the pressure is on. Both Qatar and FIFA, which is currently holding an executive crisis meeting on the 2022 World Cup, are being urged to act.